Owners of residential properties in Pune, are liable to pay property tax every year to the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) or the Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC), based on the location of their property. Property owners in Pune can also pay the property tax online, through the official portal of Pune Municipal Corporation. Here is how to proceed with it.
How to calculate property tax in Pune
The property tax is a percentage of the actual value of the property, which is based on the ready reckoner that is used to calculate stamp duty by the revenue department. The PMC offers an online property tax calculator, in which you can enter the following details and ascertain the amount of tax you need to pay on your property:
Total plinth area
Property tax = Tax rate * capital value
Capital Value = Base value * built up area * usage * building type * age factor * floor factor
How to pay property tax in Pune online
The PMC invites property tax payments at its Citizen Facilitation Centre, bank partners (ICICI Bank, Bank of Maharashtra, Cosmos Bank and many more), self-pay tax payment kiosks, as well as online payments on its website. Online payments are your best option, as you can avail of the 2% rebate offered by the PMC and avoid extra charges.
1st Step: Visit the PMC website (click here). You will see the following options on the home page:
2nd Step: Click on ‘Pay online’ or ‘NEFT/RTGS payment’ as per your choice.
3rd Step: Enter property details and click on ‘submit’.
4th Step : Verify the property owner details and also property tax dues that are displayed.
5th Step : Enter the amount you wish to pay, verify the mobile number and email id and select the gateway of payment, such as internet banking, debit/credit card, UPI, PhonePe, or digital wallet, as per your choice and make the payment.
Note: Payment by way of debit/credit card may incur additional charges.
If you choose to pay the property tax with your credit, debit or cash card, you will need to pay additional charges on the amount due. However, there are no additional charges, if you pay the tax through internet banking.
The property tax should be paid to the PMC by June 30, every year, to avoid a 2% fine for every month of delayed payment. Also, ensure that the system updates your record and no outstanding amounts are shown against your account. If there are any errors, have them corrected immediately.
Pune property tax: Latest updates
June 2, 2021
In a recent announcement, the PMC has extended the rebate for property tax payers till June 30, 2021. Under the rebate scheme, all property tax payers are eligible to get a 15% discount on their tax bill. Earlier, the scheme was valid till May 31, 2021.
However, due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the civic body decided to extend the scheme for a month.
In a bid to automate the entire property tax assessment process, the PMC began geo-tagging properties all over the city. In July 2017, it was reported that of the eight lakh properties under its purview, 2.5 lakh had been mapped, using the Geographic Information System (GIS) technology.
All properties were expected to be mapped, by January 2018. This exercise is expected to help the PMC to quickly identify unassessed and illegal properties and defaulters who have not paid their property tax and in turn, significantly increase the revenue for the municipal body.
In its annual budget proposal for 2017-2018, the PMC introduced a new initiative to encourage the timely payment of property taxes. According to the proposal, all regular payers of property tax, with no gap in payment years or outstanding payments, would be eligible to receive a Rs 5-lakh accident claim insurance from the PMC. This scheme is also expected to encourage slum residents to pay their ‘seva kar’ tax.
In April 2017, the civic body also announced a discount in property tax. Property owners who paid their tax by the end of May, could avail of a 10% discount on an amount below Rs 25,000 and 5% discount for amounts over Rs 25,000. It also offered an additional 2% discount, for making the payment online, on the PMC’s website.
Among the many taxes that home buyers have to pay on property purchase is the Goods and Services Tax or GST on flats. Many changes have already been made in this tax regime, in a short span of time since it came into force in July, 2017. In this article, we examine the impact of the GST on home buyers for real estate in general, in particular.
Taxes before GST implementation
Before the GST came into force, a variety of state and central taxes were imposed on buildings, through the course of the construction of a housing project. While these taxes increased the cost of project development for developers, no credit against this tax was available to the builders against the output liability.
Some of the taxes that real estate developers had to pay before the GST came into force included Value Added Tax (VAT), Central Excise, Entry Tax, LBT, Octroi, Service Tax, etc. The cost incurred on these taxes by builders, was then transferred to the property buyer.
Moreover, as buyers had very little clarity over the various taxes and the applicable rates, developers were also in a position to manipulate numbers, to keep the deal to their best advantage. For a common buyer, it would have been an uphill task, to find out the VAT, Central Excise, Entry Tax, LBT, Octroi and Service Tax rate applicable on property construction.
Taxes after GST implementation
With much fanfare, the GST regime was launched in India on July 1, 2017. Touted to be the biggest tax reform in India after Independence, the GST subsumed multiple indirect taxes, to offer a uniform regime to the tax payer. Initially, the GST for real estate was kept higher but the Narendra Modi-led government, which launched the revolutionary tax regime, reduced the rates in 2019. This was done, in a bid to make properties more affordable to the common man and to boost its ambitious ‘Housing for All by 2022’ target.
What is input tax credit (ITC) under GST?
A unique characteristic of the GST law is its ITC system, which makes it different from the previous tax system in India. From the start of a housing project, till its completion, a real estate developer pays tax multiple times on the purchase of goods and services. Under the GST regime, the builder would get input tax credit when he pays his output tax.
A developer has to pay Rs 25,000 as tax on his final product. The builder has already paid Rs 21,000 as input tax, while purchasing materials such as steel, cement, paint, etc. In this scenario, he would have to pay only Rs 4,000 as output tax, after adjusting the input tax credit.
While real estate in India does not directly fall under the purview of the GST regime, various activities and services in the sector are taxable under the new regime. Following are the rates at which associated activities in the construction sector are taxed, under the GST regime in India:
Under-construction home bought under the PMAY Credit-Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS)
Under-construction home bought without the subsidy
Works contract for affordable housing
What is affordable housing as per GST?
According to the government-determined definition, housing units worth up to Rs 45 lakhs qualify as affordable housing. However, the unit must also conform to certain measurements. A housing unit in a metropolitan city qualifies to be an affordable house, if it costs up to Rs 45 lakhs and measures up to 60 sq metres (carpet area).
The Delhi-National Capital Region, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, the Mumbai-Mumbai Metropolitan Region and Kolkata are categorised as metropolitan cities. A housing unit in any other city barring the ones mentioned above in India, qualify to be an affordable house, if it costs up to Rs 45 lakhs and has up to 90 sq metres of carpet area.
GST rate on real estate
With the intent to simulate demand amid a prolonged slowdown, the government has reduced the GST rate on property transactions significantly. This could potentially lower the buyers’ pay-out by 4%-6% on the overall purchase, believe experts.
GST rate till March 2019
GST rate from April 2019
8% with ITC
1% without ITC
12% with ITC
5% without ITC
While the new tax rate without input tax credit (ITC) will apply on all new projects, builders were given a one-time option to pick between the old and the new rates by May 20, 2019, for their ongoing projects.
This offer was valid only for projects which were incomplete as on March 31, 2019. The government’s decision came, after the developer community raised concerns on the tax liability in the absence of ITC.
GST on maintenance charges for housing societies
Flat owners are liable to pay 18% GST on residential property, if they pay at least Rs 7,500 as maintenance charge to their housing society. Housing societies or residents’ welfare associations (RWAs) that collect Rs 7,500 per month per flat, also have to pay 18% tax on the entire amount. Housing societies which have an annual turnover of less than Rs 20 lakhs are, however, exempted from paying the GST. For the GST to be applicable, both the conditions should apply – i.e., each member should pay more than Rs 7,500 per month as maintenance charge and the annual turnover of the RWA should be higher than Rs 20 lakhs.
The government has also clarified that the entire amount is taxable, in case the charges exceed Rs 7,500 per month per member. For example, if the maintenance charges are Rs 9,000 per month per member, the 18% GST on flats will be payable on the entire amount of Rs 9,000 and not on Rs 1,500 (Rs 9,000-Rs 7,500). Also, owners with multiple flats in the same housing society will be taxed for each unit separately.
On the other hand, RWAs are entitled to claim ITC on tax paid by them on capital goods (generators, water pumps, lawn furniture, etc.), goods (taps, pipes, other sanitary/hardware fittings, etc.) and input services such as repair and maintenance services.
Landlords do not have to pay GST on real estate rental income, as long their premises are let out for residential purposes. However, the GST regime treats renting out of residential property for business purposes as supply of services. Thus, including rental income under its purview.
An 18% GST on residential flats is charged on such rental income under the new regime, if the rent amount per year exceeds Rs 20 lakhs. In this case, landlords also have to register themselves, to pay the GST on their rental income.
Unlike under the Service Tax regime, the threshold limit for applicability of GST has been increased from Rs 10 lakhs per annum to Rs 20 lakhs. So, many of the landlords who were covered under the Service Tax regime, will go out of the indirect tax net, under the GST. On letting-out of commercial properties, a GST at 18% is levied.
GST on govt housing schemes
The government has clarified that government-led mega housing projects meant for the common man. Will attract only 1% GST under the new regime. These housing schemes include as the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, the Rajiv Awas Yojana, the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana and housing schemes of state governments.
GST on home loan
While there is no applicability of the GST on home loan repayment as far as the borrower is concerned, financial institutions offer several ‘services’ as part of home loans. Based on the fact that these are services, the applicability of GST comes into picture. Consequently, if you are taking a housing loan, the bank would charge GST on the processing fee, technical valuation fee and legal fee.
Impact of GST on affordable property
The presence of multiple taxes prior to the GST may not have impacted property prices excessively. Nevertheless, it made tax computation a tedious process for the home buyer. Consequently, not many buyers would venture to find out the various taxes that added up to the final cost of the property.
Although several teething issues remain, the effect of GST on property, is that it offers better clarity to home buyers about their tax liability, than the previous regime. With the GST impact on real estate sector resulting in greater transparency, buyers would have more faith in the taxation of property transactions in India.
Moreover, properties could become more affordable, even if the rates are reduced marginally. Here’s a look at how to calculate GST on flats’ purchase in the affordable housing segment:
GST on affordable housing before April 1, 2019
GST on affordable housing after April 1, 2019
Property cost per sq ft
GST rate on flat purchase
ITC benefit for material cost of Rs 1,500 at 18%
The sales of under-construction housing units has witnessed a slowdown after a peak at the start of the 2010s. The government has since, stepped in, to give this segment a boost by reducing the GST. And increasing the tax deduction limit on home loan interest repayment to Rs 3.50 lakhs.
In the Interim Budget 2019, the government inserted a new Section 80EEA, to offer an additional benefit of Rs 2 lakhs, to first-time buyers of affordable properties. The GST impact on real estate sector, combined with these cost advantages, are gradually expected to boost buyer sentiments.
Recall here that among the costs that builders in India had to bear on housing project development were excise duty, value-added tax, customs duty, inputs and service tax on approval charges, architect professional fees, labour charges, legal charges and entry taxes on raw materials.
For developers, an increase in demand would help them to sell off their stock and thereby, not have to worry about paying taxes on inventory. Data available with PropTiger.com show that real estate developers in India’s eight prime residential markets are sitting on an unsold stock of over 7.23 lakh homes.
How GST tweak may help revive sales in the times of Coronavirus?
While the government has already slashed the GST rates for real estate and there might be no scope for further lowering of rates for the sector. Industry experts are of the view that lowering of rates on other goods and services, may trigger investments in real estate at a time when home sales have dipped. Because of the economic crisis following the Coronavirus pandemic.
Industry bodies, such as the ASSOCHAM and NAREDCO, have already suggested that the government reduce the GST on various goods and services by up to 50% for a fixed tenure. “For ‘money to spend’, the simplest option is to reduce GST on various goods and services.
Money going to more sellers and producers, as a result of lower GST, will result in more transactions, effectively boosting the demand-side, in turn creating need to produce more. NAREDCO president Niranjan Hiranandani quoted that this will not just increase jobs across segments. But also fuel demand for raw materials.
For real estate, it will incentives the ‘fence sitters’ to stop procrastinating and take a ‘buy’ decision,” he added.
Impact of GST on luxury property
Under the new GST rates, buyers of luxury properties will save more than they would have earlier. Here’s a look at how to calculate GST on flat purchase in the luxury segment:
Before April 1, 2019
After April 1, 2019
Property cost per sq ft
GST rate on flat purchase
ITC benefit for material cost of Rs 13,000 at an average of 15%
GST as a tool to revive sales
Caught in the middle of an over five-year demand slowdown and high levels of inventory, cash-starved builders in India had extremely low scope for price reduction in the post-Coronavirus lockdown period.
However, to make home purchases more lucrative for buyers, a majority of them offered a complete waiver on the GST during the festive season, to boost sales. Most developers, who were approached by this writer to offer their quotes on festive sales, said they had offered complete waivers on GST and stamp duty, to attract buyers during the much-talked about festive season that was instrumental in helping the economy recover to some extent, after the lockdown.
GST fact check: Did you know? Residential projects with up to 15% commercial space, are treated as residential properties under GST. The effective GST on commercial property is 12%.You do not have to pay any GST on the purchase of plots. You do not have to pay any GST on buying a flat that is ready-to-move-in. Landlords do not have to pay GST, unless the tenant is a business company. GST on house registration: GST does not subsume stamp duty or registration charges; you still have to pay these duties while buying a property. GST is applicable on the services that banks offer, as part of the home loan, including processing fee, legal fee, etc. GST has subsumed at least a dozen other taxes. Sellers increase the cost of ready-to-move-in properties, to factor in the GST cost. Despite the applicability of GST, under-construction homes are cheaper than ready homes.
GST is not applicable on land transactions
The sale of land is also outside the purview of the GST on construction services, as the sale does not involve the transfer of any goods or services. As the cost of land is a crucial factor that determines property prices, GST provides a standard abatement of 33% of the total contract value, towards value of land for taxable real estate transactions.
Example: How to calculate GST on under-construction property
Suppose that an under-construction property worth Rs 100 is sold by a builder to a buyer. For calculation of the GST on building, Rs 33 will be counted out as the land value and the GST on construction would apply only on the remaining Rs 77.
Must-know facts about GST
GST is not applicable to ready-to-move properties; it is applicable to under-construction properties only
It is important to note that the GST does not cover the real estate sector under its ambit. The tax rate applicable on a property building is charged under ‘work contracts’. This is precisely why a developer cannot charge GST on the sale of ready-to-move-in homes.
Upon completion and after receiving the occupancy certificate, a property is categorized as ready-to-move-in and is out of the purview of work contract. In short, the GST would apply on the sale of under-construction properties that have yet to receive the OCs.
It also begs mention here that in the previous regime, buyers also had to pay service tax on the purchase of ready-to-move homes.
GST impact on stamp duty and registration charges
Despite the demands made from time to time, ever since the GST regime into force, to discontinue stamp duty and registration charges on property, the government has made no move on this front. Hence, property transactions in India continue to attract stamp duty and registration charges. While states levy stamp duty in the range of 5%-10%, the registration charge is either 1% of the property value or a standard fee.
Note: GST on flat registration: There is no GST on the registration charges that are paid while registering a property.
Can we except GST to subsume stamp duty and registration charges in future? Experts do not think so.
A Lucknow-based lawyer Prabhansu Mishra said that a large part of the revenue earned by states in India, is through stamp duty on property deals. If states were to let go of this income, the exchequer would suffer much higher losses than it already does. This fact leads us to believe the possibility of the GST subsuming the two charges are nil, at least in the foreseeable future.
GST real estate timeline
The then PM Atal Behari Vajpyee sets up a panel to design a GST model.
The then finance ministry’s advisor Vijay Kelkar recommends that GST replace the existing tax system.
Former finance minister P Chidambaram sets April 2010 as the deadline for GST implementation in his budget speech.
March 22: Government tables 115th Constitution Amendment Bill in the Lok Sabha, to introduce the GST.
December 18: Cabinet approves 122nd Constitution Amendment Bill to GST.
December 19: FM Arun Jaitley introduces the Constitution (122nd) Amendment Bill in the Lok Sabha.
May 6: Lok Sabha passes GST Constitutional Amendment Bill.
May 12: The Amendment Bill is presented in the Rajya Sabha.
September 2: 16 states ratify the GST Bill; President gives assent to the Bill.
September 12: Cabinet clears formation of the GST Council.
September 22-23: The GST Council meets for the first time.
November 3: The Council decides on a four-slab tax structure of 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%, plus additional cess on luxury and sin goods.
July 1: GST is rolled out; 8% rate proposed on under-construction properties.
February 24: Government reduces the GST rate on under-construction property to 5% from 12%, and 1% from 8% on affordable housing.
May: Government gives builders a one-time option to choose between the old GST rate with ITC or new lower GST sans ITC. Those not making a choice are automatically switched to the new regime after May 20.
Could we expect further GST cut in 2021?
As it is, most real estate developers are offering GST-free deals to homebuyers to boost housing sales in the aftermath of the coronavirus pandemic as the scope for offering the pre-Covid discounts is extremely limited. However, since the GST on affordable housing is already at its lowest level, there is hardly any scope for lowering it further.
Since the luxury housing segment has been at the receiving end of a demand slowdown, some tweaking of rates for this segment could revive demand in this segment.
Latest news on GST
Cooperative housing societies to pay GST on maintenance charges, reiterates appellate authority
November 17, 2020: Cooperative housing societies will have to pay GST on maintenance charges they collect, if the monthly subscription or contribution charged from members is more than Rs 7,500 per month and the annual aggregate turnover is Rs 20 lakhs or more, the Maharashtra bench of the GST Appellate Authority for Advance Rulings (AAAR) has said. The ruling by the Authority upholds an earlier ruling by the GST Authority for Advance Rulings.
Pass on GST gains to buyers, NAA tells builders
November 16, 2020: In a move that might result in real estate developers in India being more forthcoming in passing on the benefits of GST cuts, the National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) has, in November 2020, ordered two builders to cut prices of flats to pass on the profiteered amount to buyers, with 18% interest.
GST cut not always beneficial for the industry: Finance secretary
November 3, 2020: Finance secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey has said that GST rate cuts send a wrong signal to domestic business/industries, as well as international investors. Keeping that in view, a rate cut should be done once in a year after intensive analysis of all sectors, he said, adding that a rate reduction does not necessarily benefit industries.
Signature Builders guilty of not passing the benefit of additional ITC to home buyers
October 26, 2020: The National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA) has found Signature Builders guilty of not passing the benefit of additional ITC to the home buyers. The NAA, however, imposed no penalty on the builder since no penalty provisions were in existence between 2017 and 2018, when the builder violated the provisions of Section 171 (1). Under the GST law, penalties for violation of rules are prescribed under Section 171 (3A).
GST real estate FAQs
Is Real Estate included in GST?
GST is applicable on under construction properties that have not yet received the OC.
What is GST for under construction property?
With GST rate cut on under construction properties, the GST for under construction affordable housing unit is 1%, while for non affordable project, it is 5%without input tax credit.
What is the current GST rate in India for Real Estate?
With effect from April 1, 2019, 1% GST is charged on affordable residential apartments without ITC, while 5% GST without ITC is charged on other residential properties.
Who pays GST on Real Estate?
GST is paid by the home buyers & investors, when investing in under construction properties.
What are the types of GST?
CGST – Central Goods & Service Tax SGST – State Goods & Service Tax UTGST – Union Territory Goods & Service Tax IGST – Integrated Goods & Service Tax